Pregnancy and Obesity
For years, medical professionals and researchers have studied the relations between obesity and pregnancy. Even though being overweight and pregnant can have very little health complications, there are certain things women need to be aware of. Apart from weight loss, women need to focus on factors that can provide a more healthy pregnancy.
Before we start looking at obesity and pregnancy, we need to identify what constitutes to being obese. In order to classify between being underweight, normal, overweight and obese, we use an index known as the BMI (body mass index). According to most dietitians and the current standard, obesity is defined as having a BMI of 30 and higher.
There are a number of ways that obesity can affect pregnancy, including your ability to get pregnant. If you are considering in-vitro fertilization as an option, keep in mind that obesity does tend lower possible chances. Additionally, it can also lower one’s ability to become pregnant, because of the reduced fertility. The following are some ways that obesity could affect pregnancy,
- Gestational Diabetes – Gestational diabetes is a type of disease that only develops during pregnancy. In women who are overweight, gestational diabetes is a common occurrence as opposed to women who are of a normal weight. Doctors will identify whether you have this type of diabetes during the screening process.
- Overdue Pregnancy and C-Section – Obesity has also been linked to overdue pregnancy, where the birth date has been pushed far past the expected date. Women who are overweight usually have a higher likelihood of needing a C-section. A number of complications come with a C-section pregnancy for overweight women, as they tend to experience a longer healing period for their infections.
- Urinary Tract Infection – Regardless of the method the baby is delivered in, overweight woman also have increased risks of developing urinary tract infections. Fortunately, there are effective treatment options available.
- Thrombosis – Thrombosis is a circulatory condition that is caused by the development of a blood clot in the blood vessel. An overweight woman who is pregnant has a higher risk of developing conditions such as thrombosis.
- Preeclampsia – Close to the beginning of the second trimester, some women may experience higher blood pressure. Additionally, overweight pregnant woman have also shown increased counts of protein in their urine during their third trimester of pregnancy.
Overweight woman are often times missing vital nutrients and vitamins that are needed for the successful birth of a child. It is one of the reasons why women should be eating extremely healthy when they are pregnant, so as to feed both them and the baby growing in them. Obesity and pregnancy are so closely related and have been linked to numerous studies where potential complications were identified.
For a successful birth, overweight women need to be aware of the above mentioned factors and be keen on the food they eat. Make sure you are not just fulfilling your caloric intake and that you consume the needed nutrients and vitamins.
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